The most widely recognized and commonly used modality of massage is Swedish Massage. The Swedish massage techniques vary from light to vigorous. Swedish massage uses five styles of strokes; Effleurage (sliding or gliding), Petrissage (kneading), Tapotement (rhytmic tappping), Friction (cross fiber and with muscle fibers) and Vibration or Jostling.
Deep tissue massage is aimed at the deeper tissue structures of the muscle and fascia, also called connective tissue. Deep tissue massage uses many of the same movements and techniques as Swedish massage, but the pressure will generally be more intense. It is also a more focused type of massage, as the therapist works to release chronic muscle tension and adhesions.
A form of deep tissue massage, concentrates on specific muscle groups. Through the use of concentrated finger pressure, sensitive "trigger points" are released and blood flow is increased.
A combination of kneading, passive stretching and range of deep-tissue motions, sports massage is designed to ease muscle strain and promote flexibility in not just athletes but also active adults.
By creating suction and negative pressure, Massage Cupping therapy is used to soften tight muscles and tone attachments, loosen adhesions and lift connective tissue, bring hydration and blood flow to body tissues, and drain excess fluids and toxins by opening lymphatic pathways.